Province: Western Cape
Capacity: 637, 900 megalitres
The most straight-forward definition of a ‘reservoir’ is ‘a natural or artificial place where water is collected and stored for use, especially water for supplying a community, irrigating land, furnishing power, etc.’ A few twists and turns down the meanders of the Kruis River, takes one to the Kruismansrivier Dam, a very large-scale reservoir of dramatic proportions.
The Western Cape makes a significant contribution to this list and this is one of its most spectacular ones. The Kruismansrivier Dam was established by the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry in 1992 and it serves mainly for irrigation. The hazard potential of the dam has been ranked significant. This 18 metre-high reservoir has an 18 hectare surface area and a total capacity of 1 500 00 cubic metres.