3. ADDO ELEPHANT NATIONAL PARK
Size 1 640 sq.km
Addo Elephant National Park is a diverse wildlife conservation park situated close to Port Elizabeth. The original section of the park was founded in 1931, in part due to the efforts of Sydney Skaife, in order to provide a sanctuary for the eleven remaining elephants in the area. The park has proved to be very successful and currently houses more than 600 elephants and a large number of other mammals, including 400 Cape buffaloes, over 48 endangered black rhinos as well as a variety of antelope species. Transvaal lion and spotted hyena have also recently been re-introduced to the area. The largest remaining population of the flightless dung beetle is located within the park. The flora within the AENP is quite varied, and like all plant life, is a central factor to the ecological system in place. Several species of rare and endemic plants, particularly succulent shrubs and geophytes are native to the South African region within the AENP.
The park receives about 120,000 visitors annually. International visitors make up 54% of this number, with German and British nationals in the majority.