4. RICHTERSVELD TRANSFRONTIER NATIONAL PARK
Size 1 624 sq.km
The Richtersveld Transfrontier Park (6 045 sq.km) is a peace park straddling the border between South Africa and Namibia. It was formed in 2003 by combining the Namibian ǀAi-ǀAis Hot Springs Game Park and the South African Richtersveld National Park. Most of the South African part of the park, which is about 1 624 sq.km, forms part of the buffer zone of the Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape World Heritage Site. It is a mountainous desert landscape characterised by rugged kloofs and high mountains, situated in the north-western corner of the country’s Northern Cape province. It is full of changing scenery from flat, sandy, coastal plains, to craggy sharp mountains of volcanic rock and the lushness of the Orange River, which forms the border with neighbouring Namibia. The transfrontier park also features the Fish River Canyon, which is the second largest canyon in the world and the largest in Africa. The Orange River mouth is a Ramsar site and the 350 million year old and erosion-rich Orange River gorge abounds with history, folklore and grandeur. The Richtersveld is one of the last regions where the Nama people’s traditional lifestyle based on nomadic pastoralism has been preserved.