SOuth WEstern TOwnships, simply known as Soweto, sits on the border of Johannesburg’s mining belt in the south. People had been living here since the latter part of the 19th century when gold was discovered. However, serious activity in this area began in the 1930s when the demand for housing for the large numbers of black people who had moved into Johannesburg grew. In 1959, residents of Sophiatown were forcibly removed to Soweto and occupied the area known as Meadowlands. Soweto kept growing. It was the hub of civil unrest during the Apartheid regime. Popular resistance to apartheid emerged in various forms during the 1970s and 1980s. Notable riots took place in what was labelled the Soweto Uprising on 16 June 1976.